Frequently Asked Questions

What is iGenNB?


Intergenerational Living New Brunswick (iGenNB) is a pilot and research program funded by Healthy Seniors Pilot Project NB, in accordance with the New Brunswick Department of Social Development and the Department of Health, with financial support from the Government of Canada. This program matches older adults/elders aged 55+ with younger adults aged 20-35 years old, who will provide informal support and/or household tasks in exchange for a free living arrangement. As this is a pilot project, the team is open to discuss accepting participants of any age. The iGenNB Pilot and Research project will be completed in the English language. We are searching for older adults and elders who are willing to share their homes, who may be looking for informal support, who may be feeling lonely or socially isolated, and who reside in the greater Fredericton area. We are also searching for young adults who are looking for affordable living in the community, who can provide help around the house, and meet all iGenNB criteria to participate as a person seeking a placement.




What iGenNB is not?


iGenNB is not a rental service or a program designed for emergency housing. iGenNB is not intended to replace medical care, rather the goal of iGenNB is to enhance quality of life and provide affordable living and mentorship through meaningful connection and co-living.
If you are in need for emergency housing/food, and/or need a safe place to call home, please contact the Fredericton Homeless Shelters/Fredericton Community Kitchens at: https://www.theshelters.ca/.




Why iGenNB?


The majority of New Brunswick’s senior population prefers to age in place, and many young adults continue to have difficulties finding affordable and available housing. Intergenerational living will allow older adults and elders to age in place and reduce social isolation, improve health and well-being, encourage community engagement, and provide cost-effective housing for younger adults. Examples of successful intergenerational co-living models can be found all across the globe, including in Canada. Intergenerational living fosters a mutually beneficial living arrangement, increases cooperation and interaction, cultivates valuable energy exchange, and much more. iGenNB will protect the autonomy and independence of older and younger adults, while creating activities for both parties to sustain mutual respect, empathy, compassion, and understanding between and within generations. This is a solutions-based program that focuses on the benefits of intergenerational living.




Do I qualify for iGenNB?


We are looking for older adults and elders who: - Are approximately 55-90+ years of age - Reside in the greater Fredericton Area (Fredericton, New Brunswick, CAN) - Are willing to share multiple areas of their home and have a room to offer to a younger adult - May need support in daily living ------ Ex: cooking, cleaning, household chores, errands - May be experiencing loneliness and/or social isolation - Are open-minded, welcoming, willing to be flexible - Are able to confront problems and find mutually beneficial solutions - Have strong interpersonal and communication skills - Provide mentorship - Enjoy engaging in conversation We are looking for younger adults who: - Are approximately in between the ages of 20-35 - Are looking for a place to stay in the Greater Fredericton Area (Fredericton, NB, CAN) - May be a student or working professional - Are willing to live with an adult aged 55+ - Are able to help with mutually agreed upon household tasks and provide informal supports ------ Ex: household chores, errands, snow removal - Are open-minded, welcoming, willing to be flexible - Are able to confront problems and find mutually beneficial solutions - Are strong interpersonal and communication skills - Enjoy engaging in conversation




What are the benefits?


- Providing support services for older adults - Addresses loneliness and social isolation - Tackles NB housing crisis - Opportunity for intergenerational community building and engagement - Promotes age diversity - Reduces ageism - Allows elders to age in place - Fosters meaningful connections and companionship - Peace of mind for family members living at a distance - Provides affordable living for younger adults - Increases senior safety - Manages strain on emergency services, affordable housing market, social housing waitlist, and medical costs - Administers complementary matching based on needs - Reciprocal learning




What is the cost associated with iGenNB?


For the pilot project, there will be no accommodation costs for the young adults. The only costs related to this program will be your individual costs associated with obtaining your personal background checks and training, as well as normal living costs (ie: groceries, personal costs, etc). Purchasing your background check is a sign of your commitment to the program and will include: 1. Criminal Record Check 2. Vulnerable Sector Check Young Adults will be responsible for purchasing their own food, toiletries and all other living expenses other than rent/utilities unless stipulated otherwise in their contract agreement.




What about insurance? Reporting rental income to Canada Revenue Agency?


Since the iGenNB program is not a renter/landlord situation but an in-kind exchange of services, money collected from the renter does not need to be reported as rental income through Canada Revenue Agency (CRA). As you are providing your home within this program, you are in charge of any income that you will report to the CRA. For this year's pilot project, money will not be collected, so no stress should be placed on account of the CRA.




What if the home-provider does not have wifi/cable/internet?


Since there are no fees associated within your agreement, it is up to the matches to come up with a beneficial solution to ensure both parties have the tools needed and wanted for their daily lives. It is recommended that the home provider would pay for any amenities asked if comfortable. If not, both parties may come up with another solution that is agreed upon.




How much time needs to be put towards household chores/shared activities with the older adult?


The young adult is asked to commit to a minimum base rate of 6 hours/week, to a maximum of 12 hours/week of household chores and shared activities amongst each other. Amount of hours put towards these activities/chores may differ per individual, and can be based on compassionate grounds.




What are the services that the match will provide in exchange for housing?


The the younger adults may provide: - Light Housework (ie: dishes, laundry, dishwasher, vacuuming) - Home Maintenance (ie: minor repairs, cleaning vents/gutters, painting) - Moving, lifting, carrying, or reaching - Laundry - Pet Care - Snow removal/Seasonal Yard Maintenance - Shopping/Running Errands - Meal Preparation - Gardening - Companionship - Computer help




How are applicants screened and matched?


iGenNB matches young adults and older adults based on lifestyle, personal preferences, and needs through a rigorous screening process. Younger and older adults interested will each fill out an optional self-questionnaire. After the questionnaire, interested participants will complete and submit an application form that can be found at theville.ca/iGenNB-application. Once the application is reviewed, iGenNB staff will interview each participant. Criminal record checks, vulnerable sector, and a minimum of three (3) references will be required for all who apply. Once a match is found, the participants will be contacted and have a paired interview as a two week trial living period where they can decide if the match is right for them. Following the trial period, if successful, both parties will create and sign an agreement form of expectations. Once the matches and agreements are finalized, iGenNB staff will stay in regular contact with the participants and help to solve any issues which may arise.




How long does it take to get matched?


The length of time required to find a suitable match will vary depending on the wants and needs of the participants. Potential participants of iGenNB are asked to apply when they are prepared to fully commit to this program. Because of the extensive matching process, iGenNB is not suitable for those who are looking for immediate housing or support. Please keep in mind that it is not guaranteed that you will find a match right away, but you will be added to our registry and contacted if we find a potential match for you.
If you are in need of emergency housing/food, and/or need a safe place to call home, please do not hesitate to contact the Fredericton Homeless Shelters/Fredericton Community Kitchens at: https://www.theshelters.ca/.




Who is involved in this process?


iGenNB is a pilot project funded by Healthy Seniors Pilot Project and led by project directors, coordinators, a post-doctorate, a social worker, project co-leads in the aging sector and academia, as well as several research assistants. All staff are passionate about this program and dedicated to working diligently towards the best interests of everyone involved.




What about those with varying abilities/needs, and/or those in typically oppressed or minority groups?


The Human Rights Act of New Brunswick currently protects against discrimination (and implicitly harassment) based on 16 grounds: age, marital status, family status, creed or religion, physical disability, mental disability, race, colour, ancestry, place of origin, national origin, social condition, political belief or activity, sexual orientation, gender identity or expression, and sex (including pregnancy) (New Brunswick Human Rights Commission, 2020). iGenNB strives to create an inclusive environment where everyone feels like they belong. We recognize those with varying abilities, accessibilities, and those within typically oppressed or minority groups, and will ensure to the best of our ability that all participants’ are treated equitably throughout the matching process and the duration of the project. Those who are comfortable in self-identifying any particular needs or accommodations based on any of the above are encouraged to do so at the outset of the application process. iGenNB will not tolerate discrimination on any of the above mentioned grounds from either program staff or participants. Our iGenNB application process is open for individuals to exclaim their needs, wants, and/or preferences if they are comfortable sharing. Our goal is to decrease any anxieties that individuals may feel in the process.




How can I share my home? What can I offer? What can I expect in exchange?


When sharing your home with a younger adult, remember to be open-minded and adaptable to change. To share your home, you can find our questionnaire and application online at www.theville.ca/iGenNB. You are asked to provide a room for the young adult and share other spaces (ie. kitchen, living room, bathroom(s)) in your home with your match. Before signing an agreement, iGenNB staff will access your home to ensure housing needs for both you and your match are met (ie. accessibility, wifi connection). As an older adult, you may offer mentorship in areas of your interest, share stories and experiences, practice different languages, share professional background experience, and much more. In exchange for sharing your home, the shared responsibilities may include informal support, household chores and cleaning, running errands, partnered activities, and more. It is expected that the young adults share these responsibilities.




How do I find a home? What do I offer? What do I expect in exchange?


By sharing an older adult’s home, you need to be flexible, open-minded, and adaptable. You will be given a room in the older adults house, as well as access to other parts of their home. You can find a potential match by completing our questionnaire and submitting an application. This information will be added to your file to assist in the matching process. You may be asked to give informal support, help with household chores and general cleaning, as well as planning and executing activities for team-building. You are asked to do this between 6-12 hours/week. What is expected from each participant will be decided upon and outlined in the finished agreement document. In exchange, you can expect a home with no costs associated. This program will help you form meaningful connections and create long-lasting friendships with your home provider. Your match may also be able to provide you with some mentorship and teach you new perspectives.




What you might be worried about? What if I do not get along with my match?


All participants will attend an intergenerational living orientation session where you will learn about support programs and discuss how to appropriately manage a number of scenarios. Professionals and other participants will participate and go over any worries you may have. In the case you do not get along with your carefully selected match, iGenNB staff will help to mediate any issues and training in conflict resolution will be provided.




How long am I involved in this project for?


Matches will last as long as the mutually agreed time. This could range from months to years. A match may end because of a planned ending, an unplanned ending due to change of circumstances, an unplanned ending due to an unfit match, amongst other possibilities. Regardless, the iGenNB team will work with the pairs to make this process as seamless as possible. Matches may agree to continue after the pilot project on their own terms, however this pilot project will only oversee the co-living matches for a year.




How do I maintain my privacy?


In your application, make sure you indicate that you value your privacy and alone time. This will help the iGenNB staff to match you to someone who shares these same values. Both participants are asked to set house rules and expectations where you will be able to make an agreement about maintaining privacy.




How does an agreement end?


The agreement will include a pre-arranged and mutually agreed upon ending. The agreement is not legally binding and can be adjusted with the consent of both individuals in the pair, with assistance and guidance from iGenNB staff.




Are there other intergenerational living models?


Below are some reputable intergenerational living programs that have been researched for the development of this project: - HomeShare Canada (All provinces): https://www.homesharecanada.org - HomeShare Vermont, US: https://www.homesharevermont.org/ - Les Habitations Partagées Du Saguenay: https://www.leshabitationspartagees.com/ - Combo2Generations: http://www.combo2generations.com - Community Living BC: http://www,communitylivingbc.ca - Humanitas - Netherlands: https://www.humanitasdeventer.nl/wonen/humanitas-woonstudenten - HomeShare UK: https://www.ageuk.org.uk/our-impact/programmes/homeshare/





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